A Christmas Carol

I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year. I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future. The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me. I will not shut out the lessons that they teach!


A. 1. Tick() the most appropriate answers.

a. Which sentence best describes Ebenezer Scrooge? a grating voice.

(i) He was a man with
(ii) He was a greedy and unpleasant man..
(iii) He was a man with a pointed nose, small red eyes and thin blue lips.
(iv) He was a hard, cold man, sharp and alone.

Answer: (iv)

b. Which words best describe Scrooge's grating voice?

(i) harsh grating voice
(ii) harsh and rasping
(iii) cruel and angry
(iv) irritating, rough and rasping

Answer: (iv)

c. Why did no one stop Scrooge on the road?

(1) They were afraid of his anger and his unpleasant behaviour.
(ii) They didn't want to talk to such a cruel man. 
(iii) They didn't wish to hear words that would spoil the whole day for them.
(iv) They were afraid of what he would say to them.

Answer: (iii)

d. Why did Scrooge think that he lived in a world of fools? 

(i) People celebrated festivals that made them poorer.
(ii) People spent money at Christmas and that made them happy, but this left them poorer.
(iii) Christmas made people foolish.
(iv) People foolishly and happily spent their hard-earned money at Christmas and were left poorer. 

Answer: (iv)

e. What did Scrooge's nephew think of Christmas?

(i) He thought it was a blessed time of the year when people forgot all their problems and forgot their problems and their anger.
(ii) He thought that it was that time of the year when people opened up their hearts and helped those who had less than them without thinking of what it cost them.
(iii) He thought that Christmas taught people to give and not count the cost, to spread happiness and love and forgive and forget. 
(iv) He thought that Christmas brought out the kindness in the hardhearted and made them love their fellowmen.

Answer: (iii)

A. 2. Explain the following sentences in your own words,

a. Scrooge was a tight-fisted man.

Answer: Scrooge was a miser and did not like to spend money.

b. Animals avoided Scrooge.

Answer: Scrooge was so rude and had such a bad temperament that even animals didn't go near him.

c. Scrooge suggested that his nephew should go into Parliament.

Answer: He told his nephew to give his moral lecture in the parliament where there would be people who might get influenced by it. he himself was not interested.

d. Joseph Marley was weighted down with chains.

Answer: Joseph Marle4y who was the ex-partner of scrooge, now dead, seemed chained with heavy metallic chains as if carrying the weight as a punishment for his mistakes.

e. I am the Ghost of Christmas Past, your past. You shall see things from your past.

Answer: As he disregarded the festive spirit of Christmas, the Ghost of Christmas Past came in his dreams to show his disreputable and cruel past so that he could make repentance.

A Christmas Carol Question and Answer

A. 3. Answer the following questions.

a. Why was Scrooge happy to see Mr. Fezziwig?

Answer: Scrooge was happy to see Mr. Fezziwig because he was an an apprentice in his shop in his youth and the former was very pleasant boss. Scrooge had been happy working with him.

b. Who did Scrooge see after Mr. and Mrs. Fezziwig? Why did he want to go away from that place?

Answer: Scrooge saw a young girl after Mr. and Mrs. Fezziwig who probably had expected him to marry her. He choosed the wealth over her. he regretted this choice and it pained him to be reminded of it. So he wanted to go away from there.

c. Why was Scrooge ready to go out with the Ghost of Christmas present?

Answer: Scrooge was ready to go out with the Ghost of Christmas present because he felt he would lean a new lesson like the previous night which would do him good.

d. How many children did Mr. and Mrs. Crachit have? 

Answer: Six of them Peter, Martha, Belinda, two young Crachits, a boy and a girl, and Tiny Tim.

e. What do you think was wrong with Tiny Tim?

Answer: Tiny Tim was suffering from an illness that weakened him and if not treated, would be fatal.

f. Which two people were shown as being dead in the future? 

Answer: Ebenezer Scrooge and Tiny Tim were shown as being dead in the future.

g. Why do we see Scrooge as a different kind of person on Christmas Day?

Answer: We see Scrooge a different kind of person on Christmas Day because he had seen the shadows of his past and realized how they had affected his present. He saw how unpleasantly has present actions would result in future if he didn't change the course of his actions.

A. 4. Think carefully and explain the following. What do these words tell you about the speakers? HOTS 

a. Scrooge's nephew: Come, then. What right have you to be dismal? What reason have you to be sad? You're rich enough.

b. Young girl: Another idol has replaced me and if it can comfort you in time to come, as I would have tried to do, I have no reason to be sad. Young Scrooge: What idol has replaced you?

Young girl: A golden one.

c. Bob Crachit: We should thank Mr. Scrooge for this meal.

Mrs. Crachit: Thank him? If he was here I'd give him a piece of my mind. You know he's such a hard, unfeeling stingy man. Bob Crachit: My dear, it's Christmas Day.

d. Scrooge: Am I that man who lay upon the bed? No, Spirit! O no, no! Spirit! Hear me! I am not the man I was. I will not be the man I would have been if all this had not happened to me tonight. Why show me this, if I am past all hope? Tell me that I can still change these shadows you have shown me if I change my life. I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year. I will live in the

Past, the Present, and the Future. The Spirits of all three shall help me. I will not shut out the lessons that they teach. O, tell me I may wash away the writing on this stone!

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B. On our birthdays or when we celebrate festivals we have parties for our family and friends. 

Is there any other way you would like to celebrate your birthday? Think about it. Now collect your thoughts and plan what you'd like to do on your next birthday. Share your thoughts with the student sitting next to you. Give each other ideas. Write your composition.

Dear students, do this question yourself. How to plan a birthday party? Some important point has given below. Just go through the given points and set out the plan for your birthday.

  • Choose the Date and Time
  • Pick a Theme
  • Set a Budget
  • Create a Guest List
  • Choose a Location
  • Select and Send Out Invitation
  • Plan Out the Birthday Party Details

Checklist for the Day of the Party

Here's a helpful list of tasks for the day of the party. 
  •  Arrive at location early to make sure rooms, tables and chairs are clean and organized.
  • Call vendors and entertainment company to confirm location and time.
  • The room is fully decorated.
  • There's a table for birthday gifts.
  • Food, dessert and drink stations are set up.
  • There are party favors for all guests.
  • There are place cards for the tables.
  • Games and activities are set up.
  • Cleaning supplies and First Aid Kit are readily available.


C. 1. Read these words aloud. Encircle the silent letter in each of them. 

hour, autumn, nephew, condemn, iron, column, honour, hymn, wrist

Add some more words. Anchor, Echo, Rhino, Scheme, Vehicle, Knight, Knob

C. 2. All these words end in 'ar'. Encircle the word in each line that doesn't rhyme with the other words.

calendar beggar grammar afar circular
star binocular burglar scholar collar
regular nuclear vinegar dollar popular
altar solar spar polar lunar
caterpillar pedlar cellar muscular unclear


D. Understand these phrases from the play by using them in a different context.

cost a fortune, cell-like office, carefully preserved, unfeeling, stingy man, parting moment is at hand, accustomed voice, raise your salary 

a. The parting moment is at hand and we don't know when we shall meet again. Do you have to migrate?

b. His new house cost a fortune to construct, but the unfeeling , stingy man refused to pay the labourers who had built it for him.

c. The artifacts discovered by the archeologist were so carefully preserved in the ancient mansion that no one could believe that they were thousands of years old.

d. If Uncla Raj had not said, 'Hi', in his accustomed voice we would not have recognised him. He had become so fat.

e. The windowless, cell-like office the poor women worked in left them as pale as prisoners in a dark jail.

f. If your boss is going to raise you salary you will be able to rent a comfortable home.


Use an Intransitive Verb if the action involves only the subject and the verb. 
The sun shines. The sun shone brightly. The sun shone brightly yesterday. 
His stomach was paining. His stomach was paining very badly.
The mouse squeaked. The mouse squeaked softly. 

Use a Transitive Verb if the action involves the subject and another person or thing. The other person or thing is called the Direct Object of the sentence. The object of a sentence is always a noun or a pronoun.

I wrote a letter.

She shut the window.

The lady scolded her.

E. 1. Underline the verbs in the following sentences. Write S above each subject and 0 above each Direct Object. Write IV for Intransitive Verbs and TV for Transitive Verbs.

a. The man wore a smart blue blazer.

b. The boy ran down the stairs.

c. The dog chewed a bone.

d. The black horse ran fast.

e. The jockey won the race.

f. Ravi was eating an orange.

g. The porter picked up the suitcases.

h. The crows cawed loudly. i. Rohit bats well.

j. Shami bowls brilliantly.

k. Virat hit the ball out of the stadium.

l. Dhoni took a great catch.

E. 2. Rewrite these sentences using verbs in the Passive Voice.

a. My brother has written many poems.

Passive Voice: Many poems have been written by my brother.

b. The maid broke a glass today.

Passive Voice: A glass was broken today by the maid.

c. She is cooking something delicious. 

Passive Voice: Something delicious is being cooked by her.

d. He has eaten our sandwiches.

Passive Voice: Our sandwiches have been eaten by him.

e. Dad will drive the bus if required.

Passive Voice: The bus will be driven by Dad if required.

f. The gardener is planting the seedlings.

Passive Voice: The seedlings are being planted by the gardener.

E. 3. Change these sentences from the Passive to the Active Voice.

a. The bananas have been eaten by the monkeys. 

Active Voice: The monkeys have eaten the bananas. 

b. The hens were chased by the puppy.

Active Voice: The puppy chased the hens.

c. The room will be dusted and cleaned by us.

Active Voice: We will dust and clean the room.

d. The whole cake has been eaten up by the hungry children.

Active Voice: The hungry children have eaten up the whole cake.

e. The thief was caught by the alert policeman. 

Active Voice: The alert policeman caught the thief.

f. He has been taken to jail by the policeman.

Active Voice: The policeman has taken him to jail.

E. 4. Change these newspaper headlines into complete sentences using verbs in the Passive Voice.


Cyclone Philain is expected to reach Odisha on Saturday.


The environment is being destroyed by pollution.


The high speed bullet train was flagged off from Mumbai.


The missing girl case is being taken over by the CBI.


The Mughal gardens are being opened for the public on Saturday.


The missing girl was found and handed over to his parents.